Up to 4 Territorial and Volunteer battalions. 1. 50 ME Commando departed Castelorizzo in March for Crete being replaced in their garrison duties there by the 1st Royal Welch Regiment. Allied and civilian resistance was much stronger than expected, and by the first night of the battle the Germans had gained little except a precarious foothold at Maleme. Required fields are marked *, Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open . 'The History of The Welsh regiment. The War Illustrated magazine published an article about Crete on 20 June 1941, and our library has a set of the volumes of this publication. What had happened was the bulk of the British forces had withdrawn to 42 STREET and the Welch Regiment had marched into enemy territory. Government Licence v3.0. Among the few Allied reinforcements to arrive was a commando outfit known as Layforce, which included the author Evelyn Waugh. [10] Lance Corporal William Charles Fuller, of the 2nd Battalion, won the Welsh Regiment's first Victoria Cross of the war when, under withering and sustained rifle and machine gun fire, he advanced one hundred yards to rescue Captain Mark Haggard who was mortally wounded on Chézy sur Aisne on 14 September 1914. Recruiting poster for The Welch Regiment, 1930. ¹ Awarded for the services of the 69th Foot. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot and 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot to form the Welsh Regiment, by which it was known until 1920 when it was renamed the Welch Regiment. WO 416 is a series of German prisoner of war record cards, often showing place of capture. [10] The 17th (Service) Battalion (1st Glamorgan) and 18th (Service) Battalion (2nd Glamorgan) landed in France as part of the 119th Brigade in the 40th Division in June 1916 for service on the Western Front. [23], The Regiment was awarded the following battle honours:[8]. Edward Howell, OBE, DFC) - Gloster … 52 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment was another unit in this area (WO 169/1640). At the end of Novemeber they moved to Egypt with 22nd Brigade, 6th Divison. 1st Battalion, The Welch Regiment; Lieutenant Colonel A. Duncan, MC (Force Reserve) 2nd New Zealand Division Headquarters New Zealand Division - Brigadier, Acting Major General Edward Puttick - (Western Zone, west of Chania) 27th New Zealand Machine Gun Battalion (Lt. Col. FJ Gwilliam) 5th New Zealand Field Artillery Regiment; 4th New Zealand … The Greeks advise they do not require assistance and will fight on regardless of support. This infantry unit was created in 1881 and recruited in Camarthenshire, Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire. Following the loss of Maleme the Allies fell back to regroup, but within a few days the situation deteriorated as the Germans began to push towards Canea, threatening the supply base at Suda Bay. He wears a serge-lined leather jerkin over his battledress. Ldr. Battle Of Crete Commemorations- Red Arrows - posted in Explore Crete: For those who might be interested, and fortunate enough to be in Crete around the time of the Battle of Crete Commemoration events, the Royal Air Force display team, better known as the Red Arrows, will perform over Chania on the morning of Saturday 23rd MAY starting at 9.45hrs. The evacuation took place between 27 May and 1 June. 52 … Day of the First Welch, together with a party of 44 men from his regiment, various marines and commandos, 5 AIF from the 2/7th Bn (and 1 Greek) from Spafkia, arriving at Sidi Barrani on June 10, 1941 having been without any food for five days. Crete had killed 4000 German soldiers, most from the 7th Parachute Division; nearly half the 1st Assault Regiment had died in action. Known as Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Fieldings Regiment of Foot (or the Invalids), between 1719 and … However it can trace its history back a further 160 years prior to this date. Lt Day himself, with 7 men, including … Aisne 1914–18, Ypres 1914-15-17, Gheluvelt, Loos, Somme 1916–18, Pilkem, Cambrai 1917–18, Macedonia 1915–18, Gallipoli 1915, Gaza, Falaise, Lower Mass, Reichswald, Croce, Italy 1943–45, Crete, Canae, Kyaukmyaung Bridgehead, Sittang 1945, Burma 1944–45. Following a period of rest and training in Egypt and the Sudan the 1st Battalion was re-organized in early 1943 as 34th (Welch) Beach Brick and in July landed with the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, part of General Bernard Montgomery's British Eighth Army, during the invasion of Sicily in July. These were the 3rd Battalion (Special Reserve), with the 4th Battalion at Upper Market Street in, 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot), "The History of the Royal Regiment of Wales: The Welsh Regiment (1881-1920)", "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907", "Fact sheet: Volunteer battalions 1885-1908", "Regiment Timeline - The Regimental Museum of The Royal Welsh (Brecon)", Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Irish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Welch_Regiment&oldid=996110528, Regiments of the British Army in World War I, Regiments of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations of the United Kingdom in the Korean War, 1881 establishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations established in 1881, Military units and formations disestablished in 1969, 1969 disestablishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1965–1969: Maj-Gen. Frank Hastings Brooke, CB, CBE, DSO. From the above Battle Honours the following were actually borne on the Regimental and Queen's Colour: Belleisle, Martinique 1762, St. Vincent 1797, India, Bourbon, Java, Detroit, Queenstown, Miami, Niagara, Waterloo, Ava, Candahar 1842, Ghuznee 1842, Cabool 1842, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeburg, South Africa 1899–1902, Korea 1951–52. ‘Frightful was the sight that met our eyes. [11], The 1/4th Battalion and 1/5th Battalion landed at Suvla Bay as part of the 159th Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division in August 1915; after being evacuated from Gallipoli in December 1915 the battalion moved to Egypt. Deane is at present stationed in Britain. ² Awarded in 1909 for the services of the 69th Foot, with the badge of a Naval Crown superscribed 12th April 1782. I have his dogtags … . No. Lucky indeed to escape Crete in May 1941, when 1st Battalion, The Welch Regiment was overwhelmed by swathes of enemy paratroopers at Chania, he was less fortunate at Benghazi, where he became P.O.W. The 1st Battalion landed in Crete in February but was overwhelmed by the enemy in fighting at Souda Bay in Chania and Sphakia Beach and had to be evacuated by the Royal Navy. [12], The 9th (Service) Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 58th Brigade in the 19th (Western) Division in July 1915 for service on the Western Front. The 168th Brigade was part of the 56th (London) Division, which had just been severely mauled fighting at Anzio. R.); 1939-45 Star; Africa Star; Italy Star; Defence and War Medals 1939-45, good very fine, together with a badge with the word 'Athens' applied to the … The information on John James Lewis has been compiled from a number of sources, including the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, from the South Wales Voice newspaper, and the Parish Burial Register (courtesy of the Swansea Archives). The Great War [34 … General Service 1918-62, 1 clasp, Palestine (4077002 Pte. Dan. During the 4 days of fighting, No 50 Middle East Commando lost 32 men either killed, wounded, prisoners of war or missing. In August 1944 the 1/5th Battalion was transferred from 160th Brigade to the 158th Infantry Brigade, still with 53rd (Welsh) Division. The 1/5th Battalion, originally with the 160th Infantry Brigade, moved to Normandy in late June 1944 and fought alongside the 4th Battalion in the 53rd (Welsh) Division in the North West Europe Campaign distinguishing itself at 's-Hertogenbosch, the Falaise Gap, the Ardennes and the Reichwald Forest. While on embarkation leave for Malaya he was transferred to the Welch Regiment in Cyprus. Friday 7 August 2020 | Michael McGrady | Records and research | 2 comments. France and Flanders: WO 95/1-3154, WO 95/3911-4193 and WO 95/5500 2. Greek Garrison Battalion (commander unknown; ex- Greek 5th "Crete" Division, left behind as a garrison when their division was summoned to defend the mainland) 830 personnel) 19th Australian Infantry Brigade No. I am happy to cover all costs, if you are a family member or can put me in touch with them, please get in touch. Welch. On Crete it consisted of three brigades and an artillery regiment. Other sources covering lessons from the battle can be found in our catalogue, such as WO 287/164. . 1719 – 1918' author unknown, 'The History of The Welch Regiment 1919 – 1951', This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 16:14. In August, the remainder of the regiment joined the Cretan International Force, but 263 men were still at Malta in December 1897. Suda Bay was defended by a mixed Allied force including the Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation (MNBDO), a Royal Marine outfit. Maleme quickly became the crucial objective in the battle. In 1969 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the Royal Regiment of Wales. The 2nd/Royal Welch Fusiliers was quartered at Verdala Barracks Cottonera for 7 months with detachments in Crete for 4 months. 1.1. It later fought alongside the 1st Battalion with 28th Division at the Hohenzollern Redoubt and spent the rest of the war as the divisional pioneer battalion for 1st Division[10], The 8th (Service) Battalion landed at ANZAC Cove as part of the 40th Brigade in the 13th (Western) Division in August 1915; after being evacuated from Gallipoli in December 1915 the battalion moved to Egypt and on to Mesopotamia in February 1916. Allied Forces at Rethymno: HQ 19th Australian Infantry Brigade 2/1, 2/7, 2/8 and 2/11 Australian Infantry Battalion Greek 4th and 5th Infantry Battalion 2/1st Australian MG Coy 800 men Greek gendarmes. A sample list of Welch Regiment personnel in this series can be found in our catalogue here. Originally organised as the county regiment of Carmarthenshire, Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire, the new regiment encompassed its Militia and Volunteer infantry and united … [23] The 1st Battalion moved to Dering Lines in Brecon in February 1948 and amalgamated with the 2nd Battalion in June 1948. In July the battalion landed in Italy and fought in the Italian Campaign and would remain there for the rest of the war. John James Lewis served in the Welch Regiment and was killed during the Battle for Crete in May 1941. The War Diary of 22 Battalion 2NZEF who defended and lost Maleme can be found at [10] The 23rd (Service) Battalion (Welsh Pioneers) landed in Salonika as pioneer battalion to the 28th Division in July 1916. http://22battalion.org.nz/war-diary/1941-may.htm, Your email address will not be published. http://22battalion.org.nz/war-diary/1941-may.htm, Verdict – Accidental death: The strange case of the Scottish aristocrat killed on the Midland Railway, ‘Brown Babies’: The children born to black GI and white British women during the Second World War, The Ghost of Christmas past? [5] In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force and the latter the Special Reserve;[6] the regiment now had one Reserve battalion and four Territorial battalions. E. Headon. Only fast warships could go there by sailing at night and leaving before dawn, which limited the amount of cargo or troops that could be sent. On the AKROTIRI Peninsula, parachutists and caique-borne troops moved … East Africa, Cameroon and West Afr… In June 1944 the battalion, under Lieutenant Colonel Charles Coleman, was, after many years of training, ordered to France to join the British Second Army in the Normandy Campaign. Clive started his National Service in the Royal Welch Fusiliers and was then commissioned into the South Wales Borderers. After heavy fighting in the area of Benghazi the 1st Battalion was again overrun in mid-1942 and again suffered heavy casualties when Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps swept through Cyrenaica and Libya in the First Battle of El Alamein. 428 — General Freyberg to General Wavell ; Journey Towards Christmas. The battle was fought at sea and in the air, as well as on land. Download this stock image: Roadside memorial in Galatas, Crete, to the men of The Welch Regiment, British Army, who died in the Battle for Crete in 1941 - EF251B from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [15] The 6th (Glamorgan) Battalion of the Territorial Army, which had absorbed the 7th (Cyclist) Battalion in 1921, was converted into a searchlight regiment in 1938 and was transferred to the Royal Artillery as 67th (Welch) Searchlight Regiment in 1940. Colonel H.H. The Welch Regiment. The 45 Squadron account can be seen at AIR 27/455/11 and some other AIR (Air Ministry) sources for Crete in this period are listed here. Allied Forces at Heraklion: HQ British 14th Brigade The battalion first saw action in the Western Desert Campaign of 1940. WO 373/27/344 is a recommendation for a Military Medal for Stanley Lawrence Carroll, an Australian signalman who escaped from Crete by himself. [2] The 1st Battalion was dispatched to South Africa in November 1899 for the Second Boer War: it was engaged in Battle of Paardeberg in February 1900, where they suffered heavy losses, and again at the Battle of Driefontein in March 1900. [19], The 4th Battalion was in Northern Ireland in the 160th Infantry Brigade attached to the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division. The action at Maleme is covered in an account from 2 New Zealand Division, as well as in the war diary of 22 New Zealand Infantry Battalion (WO 179/735). 'History of the services of the 41st (The Welsh Regiment)' by Captain and Adjutant D.A.N. The Battalion saw its bitterest fighting along the Taungoo-Mawchi Road where for a hundred miles, with deep jungle on either side, the Japanese defended vigorously all the way. [10] Captain Edgar Myles, of the 8th (Service) Battalion, was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Siege of Kut in April 1916 during the Mesopotamian campaign. Recommendations for army gallantry awards are mostly in series WO 373, which can be searched by theatre of operations as well as by name. [23] It then amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the 1st Battalion the Royal Regiment of Wales in June 1969. As a result of the casualties sustained, and a severe shortage of British infantry replacements in the Mediterranean theatre, 168th Brigade was disbanded and the 1st Battalion was reduced to a small cadre of 5 officers and 60 other ranks. REEL 2 Continues: … 07, 1954 - Zoo goat becomes new mascot of the welsh regiment handing over ceremony at the London zoo. Wavell quickly agreed, after sending a signal to the Prime Minister stating that Crete was ‘no longer tenable’. Recruiting poster for The Welch Regiment, 1930. The National Archives also holds various sources for Allied prisoners, casualties and gallantry awards relating to Crete. They were also still holding ground outside Retimo and Heraklion, and their air attacks put the Allied troops under great strain throughout the battle. [10] The 1/6th (Glamorgan) Battalion was part of the independent South Wales Brigade allocated to home defence, but volunteered for oversas service. The Regiment was officially formed in 1881 through the amalgamation of the 41st and 69th Regiment of Foot. Origins. Eventually the 1st Battalion was reformed in Egypt and joined the 5th Indian Infantry Brigade, part of the 4th Indian Infantry Division and moved back again to the Western Desert. 45 Squadron, with Blenheim light bombers, flew sorties from Egypt against Maleme airfield after it was captured. General Freyberg was among them, because he knew about the secret Enigma decrypts and could not be left behind as a prisoner. See more ideas about world war two, world war ii, regiment. vi; I: New Zealand Arrivals from Greece; Divisional Signals. It existed until 1969 when it became part of The Royal Regiment of Wales. The Welch Regiment commanded by Lt. 1st Battalion, Welch Regiment 1st Battalion, Welsh Regiment were in Palestine serving with 14th Infantry Brigade, 6th Division when war broke out in 1939. 1 Militia and Special Reserve battalion Tuesday 27th - Day 8 - At dawn the Welch Regiment was in position a mile west of CANEA. MNBDO records can be found in series ADM 202. With the numerous sources available at The National Archives, there are many ways to find information covering the occupation of Crete, the battle itself and the men who took part. [7][8][9], The 1st Battalion, after returning from India, landed at Le Havre as part of the 84th Brigade in 28th Division in January 1915 for service on the Western Front but moved to Egypt and then on to Salonika in November 1915. Six: Private E. G. Headon, Welch Regiment, who died as a prisoner of war in 1945 having previously been captured at the fall of Crete. [10] The 2nd Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 3rd Brigade in the 1st Division in August 1914 for service on the Western Front. The Germans planned to lead the invasion with their airborne troops, with men from a mountain infantry division following up, though the plan depended entirely on gaining control of at least one of the airfields. 22ndFebruary 1941 A meeting takes place in Athens between the Foreign Secretary, General WAVELL and Field Marshal Sir John DILL and representative of the Greek government. Welch Regiment 8th Greek Infantry Battalion. archival research, Crete, mediterranean, royal air force, Second World War. Soon after the battle the Inter-Services Committee produced a report into the defence and loss of the island. [23], The battalion moved to Hong Kong as part of the 27th Infantry Brigade in November 1952 and then returned home to Llanion Barracks in Pembroke Dock in 1954. No. Air Officer Commander-in-Chief, Middle East - Air Chief Marshall Sir Arthur Longmore 1. They saw action in Sicily then in Italy with 168th Infantry Brigade, 56th Division. The Welch Regiment can trace its origins from its constituent regiments back to the Regiment of Invalids formed from - among others - Pensioners of the Royal Hospital Chelsea in 1688. View this object . No. Archives, Open [10] The 11th (Service) Battalion landed at Boulogne-sur-Mer as part of the 67th Brigade in the 22nd Division in September 1915 for service on the Western Front and then moved to Salonika in late 1915. Despite the weakness of the RAF, some squadrons did take part in the battle. [17] They received a large draft of 700 officers and men. at right is a lieutenant of the 1st Welch on Crete 1941. Significantly the Battalion did not lose a man. [4], A 3rd, militia battalion, was embodied in December 1899, and embarked for South Africa in February 1900 to serve in the same war. Elsewhere the Allies initially held the towns, harbours and airfields. 5 Battery, 2/3rd Field … The central figure is from the 1/4th Welch in North West Europe in the winter of 1944/45. MT StJ Prattle/Sqn.Ldr. 1921.01.01 The Welch Regiment 1969.06.11 amalgamated with The South Wales Borderers, to form The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot) Battle Honours [combined battle honours of 41st Regiment, and 69th Regiment, plus:] Belleisle1, Martinique 17622, [12th April 1782]3, St. Vincent4, Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902. Roadside memorial in Galatas, Crete, to the men of The Welch Regiment, British Army, who died in the Battle for Crete in 1941 Jul. Victoria Cross recipients are mostly covered separately, in series WO 98. There's even an Edo-period cat cafe just because, well, cats. [23] The Battalion moved to Sobraon Barracks in Colchester in October 1950 and was then deployed to Korea as part of the 29th British Infantry Brigade in the 1st Commonwealth Division in November 1951 for service in the Korean War. Kindle Store Buy A Kindle Free Kindle Reading Apps Kindle Books French eBooks Kindle Unlimited Prime Reading Amazon Charts Best Sellers & More Kindle Singles Accessories Content and devices Kindle Support This unit was formed as The Welsh Regiment … In April they took part in Operation Grapeshot which ended with the capture of thousands of prisoners of war and the surrender of the German Army in Italy on 2 May. We will not be able to respond to personal family history research questions on this platform. [17], In May 1944 the 1st Battalion received large numbers of replacements from retrained anti-aircraft gunners of the Royal Artillery and became an effective infantry battalion again. These records are the unit war diaries of the British Army in the First World War and are held by The National Archives in record series WO 95. 33 Squadron RAF (Sqn. [10] The 10th (Service) Battalion (1st Rhondda) landed at Le Havre as part of the 114th Brigade in 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. AIR 23/6110 includes translations of captured documents from Operation Mercury. R Spurr Welch Regiment . Several other British warships were sunk or damaged by air attack during the battle, and it became very difficult for the fleet to support the troops on the island. They are not personal diaries (try the Imperial War Museumor Local Record Offices for those). Gericke, who had come across the dropping zone of its III Battalion on 23 May, was appalled by the evidence of what had befallen it. The Welch Regiment arrives in Crete and joins the 14thInfantry Brigade. Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated. A Whitfield served with the 4th Battalion Welch Regiment British Army. The squadron operation record books list the aircraft and crews that were involved, and these records can usually be downloaded from The National Archives’ website. View this object . [14], The 2nd Battalion was deployed to Ireland in 1920 while the 1st Battalion returned to British India and served there until 1924 when it moved to Waziristan. The Welch Regiment (or "The Welch", an archaic spelling of "Welsh") was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. : having then served in troubled Eritrea with the South Wales Borderers in the late 1940s, he saw further action with his old regiment in Korea in the period June … [10] The 19th (Service) Battalion (Glamorgan Pioneers) landed at Le Havre as pioneer battalion to the 38th (Welsh) Division in December 1915 for service on the Western Front. The Origins of the Regiment: The Welsh Regiment had its origins in two regiments, the 41st and 69th Regiments of Foot, the first of which has long standing links with the Royal Hospital Chelsea. In Crete alone the battalion had lost nearly 250 dead, with 400 being captured and the battalion was reduced to a mere 7 officers and 161 other ranks. In March 1945 the 1st Battalion was transferred to the 1st Guards Brigade, serving alongside the 3rd Grenadier Guards and 3rd Welsh Guards and replacing the disbanded 3rd Coldstream Guards, part of 6th Armoured Division, and remained with it until the end of the war. [3], The 1st Battalion moved to Malta in 1889 while the 2nd Battalion went to India in 1892; the 1st Battalion moved to Pembroke Dock in December 1893 where almost all the regiment's artifacts, plate and silver were lost in a large fire in 1895. [21], Around 1,100 officers and other ranks of the Welch Regiment were killed or died from wounds or sickness during the Second World War, with many more wounded. From the start of the campaign the 4th Battalion was involved in fierce fighting during the Battle for Caen, and around the Falaise Pocket, the Battle of the Bulge and the Battle of the Reichwald where it sustained very heavy casualties and involved some of the fiercest fighting in the North West Europe Campaign for British soldiers as they were up against determined German paratroopers. The 2nd Battalion moved to Shanghai in 1927 for service with the Shanghai Defence Force and then on to India in 1935. [23] The battalion moved to North Africa in December 1958 and established its headquarters in Benghazi with company detachments at Derna, Marj and Al Adm and then returned to the United Kingdom the following year.