Research and innovation through the agri-food top s… Sarah McKune is assistant professor in the department of environmental and global health and the center for African studies at the University of Florida. A detailed explanation of livestock production systems around the globe is presented, with examples, and some new developments are discussed. There is increasing global trend of demand for livestock products (due to increasing population), and rate of increase in demand is very high in developing countries due to the increase in income level. Geoffrey Dahl, the Harriet B Weeks Professor in the department of animal sciences at the University of Florida, conducts applied and basic research with direct impact on dairy production. The figure shows schematically how the social and economic systems are embedded in the environment. Sustainability is difficult to define because it embodies multifaceted concepts and the combination of variables that make a production system sustainable can be unique to each production situation. Paul Cezanne, Still Life with Bread and Eggs. . j�_0q���=�&4�(��xHaBE�7LJC�W���C� 2014; John et al. He has active extension programs in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Rwanda, and Ethiopia and is the former president of the American Dairy Science Association. Nutritional benefits Sustainability represents the state of a complex system that is always evolving. She is a veterinary epidemiologist by training with experience in public health, livestock research, and project management in developing countries. Livestock within the farming system creates a reason to diversify rotations to a wider variety of crops, including the production of protein from sources other than cereals, e.g., grain and forage legumes, oil seed rape, or grass. In either case, the achievement of sustainable animal production … The World Health Organization has declared that antimicrobial resistance is one of the top 10 global public health threats facing humanity. Livestock production can be an important component of a sustainable agricultural system because it can provide an quality source of plant nutrients, be an income generator, and provide a an environmentally sound use of certain lands. Muslims avoid pork consumption for religious reasons. About the authorsPadmakumar Varijakshapanicker has been working with International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) since 2009 and is currently managing the Asia hub of the Livestock System Innovation Lab, a Feed the Future Initiative of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and serving as acting head of ILRI’s Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) Feed Technology Platform at Patancheru, Hyderabad, India. The authors detail the varied reasons for low consumption of animal-sourced foods in developing countries, where economic and sociocultural factors, including religion and traditional beliefs, can constrain consumption of animal-sourced foods by the poor. The farming sector is facing a challenge. . Sustainable livestock production means making livestock systems economically more efficient and striking balance between meeting the growing demand of animal-origin products and reducing to the minimum the negative side effects and externalities from the livestock sector. Main content area. ‘Food consumption is mainly aimed at satisfying hunger; knowledge about the importance of animal-sourced foods in the diet is lacking.’ And because animal-sourced foods are relatively expensive, ‘their consumption is income-dependent. It is argued that identification of livestock-specific criteria is impossible because of the large heterogeneity of livestock production systems and the non-linear relation between livestock-specific criteria and agroecological criteria. 2��&�0� ��p�18Lp�N4�C�u�0�_���{ˀők�&SAF1��J�\�� Clear standards and laws on food safety, animal welfareand the environment. %PDF-1.6 %���� The current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has brought into sharp focus the interconnectedness of people, animals and the environment and how this can contribute to the spread of disease. Livestock are contribute 13% and 28% of global human protein and energy, respectively. . The correct figure updated for 2016 is US$1.27 trillion. . The project brings together professionals in human and animal health and the environment to achieve better access to human and veterinary health services and sustainable natural resources management. Women have important roles in raising livestock in many low- and middle-income countries. The authors say that the great diversity of the world’s livestock systems must be taken into account when addressing sustainability issues. Section 2 Development and Monitoring of Systems The second section (Units 4–6) begins by describing what types of information and data are necessary for assessing the development of livestock production systems and for their ongoing monitoring. We used data from a multi-year field-scale trial in Kings County and related container trials to simulate a forage-grazing system under saline conditions. It is a dynamic approach which can be applied to any farming system around the world. Before joining the University of Florida in 2016, she worked with ILRI and the World Health Organization. The grassland ecosystems in the ADB are complex and constrained by available water and energy for sustainable livestock production. The Three Pillars of Sustainability. Jeanne Dollinger Received: 4 February 2019/Accepted: 4 February 2019/Published online: 7 February 2019 Springer Nature B.V. 2019 Abstract Silvopasture, as an integrated land use practice that combines trees, forage and livestock, has been in existence for millennia. ��-�7. The global food system is experiencing profound changes as a result of anthropogenic pressures. To implement One Health , the project works with communities, public and private service providers... With over half of the global population living in urban areas, cities are not only crowded with people but also with livestock as well as disease vectors like rodents and mosquitoes. … In Ethiopia, devout orthodox Christians . This Special Issue will comprise papers covering a wide range of aspect related to environmental sustainability and environmental impacts of livestock production, including environmental issues, such as emissions of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide), nitrogen and phosphorus excretion, ammonia emissions, land use and land management, and use of energy and other resources. The theoretical framework for this article on sustainability in poultry production is built on this multi-dimensional understanding of the concept, acknowledging that it is complex and contested. A side note. h��XmO9�+�T����J��"-m�r�(�dх%˩���gl/����~:�a�3�w{V*oD! Quantitative information about the sustainability performance of existing livestock production systems can aid the debate of which actions could be … The importance of many biological balances in the system. Two popular ways to visualize the three pillars are shown. It is clear that silvopastoral systems increase biodiversity, improve animal welfare and provide good working conditions while enabling a profitable farming business. *�9��t����u��D�L ����]Q�� The authors conclude that any assessments of the impacts of livestock on the environment and livelihoods ‘should not focus on single criteria such as greenhouse gas emissions, but should balance ecological, social, and nutritional costs and benefits.’. Padmakumar and his co-authors begin their paper by making the case for a ‘holistic’ definition of ‘sustainability’, one that ‘jointly considers ecological, social, and economic dimensions of a system or intervention for long-lasting prosperity.’, ‘This also applies to livestock systems, which should be economically viable for farmers, environmentally friendly or at least neutral, and socially acceptable in order to be considered sustainable.’. Some micro-nutrients are available only in meat, milk and eggs. There are many important ingredients in a successful livestock production system. Nutritional, genetic, health and management strategies can reduce greenhouse gas emission intensities by as much as 30%. It is clear that silvopastoral systems increase biodiversity, improve animal welfare and provide good working conditions while enabling a profitable farming business. In arid and semi-arid areas or other lands submitted to extended periods of drought, understory forage production alone is not enough to sustain an economically viable livestock production operation. 12754 0 obj <>stream Indeed, the concept of sustainable diets that are profitable, ethically and socio-culturally acceptable, and environmentally benign is emerging as one of the key solutions to ensuring the sustainability of livestock production systems. 12739 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1FC676926FDEAA47901A9AC0B138EC8C>]/Index[12709 46]/Info 12708 0 R/Length 137/Prev 1550700/Root 12710 0 R/Size 12755/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream In his opening remarks at the workshop, Mr. Julius Kiptarus, the Director of Livestock Production at SDL, emphasized the need to work towards a standardized market information system among pastoralist producers, citing the government’s recognition and prioritization of arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) development, as underpinned in the nation’s development blueprint, the Kenya Vision … It also addresses the two-way interactions between livestock and the environment; while livestock production is often a driver of environmental change, future climate change will have significant impacts on livestock production. production systems’. Reflections on livestock production systems The purpose of the workshop was to reflect on the sustainability of livestock production, its role within the circular economy and doing this from a systems perspective. h�bbd```b``�"6�H�Dɞ"Yn�E��d�"���$Dd�d�f׃HF���dZ�V� DrǀȐ����H2���s��L���t0i"�yA$/XDH�������`hv3#����> !p� Sustainability is a balancing act. Food security, climate change and biodiversity loss belong to the key challenges for a sustainable development of humankind. The theoretical framework for this article on sustainability in poultry production is built on this multi-dimensional understanding of the concept, acknowledging that it is complex and contested. The COVID-19 pandemic and climate change represent converging challenges to which no continent, country or community is immune. . In general, future generations should have the same or greater quality of life benefits as the current generation do. Grand challenges in sustainable livestock production for the ADB . Supermarkets and other retailers have a decisive role to play. Development of index-based livestock insurance (IBLI). The concept of ‘sustainability’ or ‘sustainable development’ is multi-dimensional, encompassing economic, environmental, social, and institutional governance aspects. Livestock production receives a lot of criticism, yet often there is a failure to differentiate between livestock that are part of problem (primarily intensively reared, grain-fed) and high welfare livestock systems that can be a vital part of the solution, restoring ecosystems, maintaining soil fertility, producing food from marginal land and providing important nutritional benefits. Low consumption 1Systems based on agroforestry or sylvopastoralism and autonomous livestock system using crops only for animal feeding were considered outside the scope of the FG. The purpose of the workshop was to reflect on the sustainability of livestock production, its role within the circular economy and doing this from a systems perspective. 2. In this paper, we aimes to explore sustainable development model of grass-based livestock husbandry by assessing the sustainability of the “grain - cash - forage” three-dimensional planting structure, but it is a new development concept, there are few related studies. Sustainable Livestock. �,`����J���@��ރ�����A��9 Y�Z�F����������B� Quantitative information about the sustainability performance of existing livestock production systems can aid the debate of which actions could be developed and implemented. Livestock systems capitalize on underutilized family labour. Her research seeks to explain how household behaviour, women’s empowerment and gender dynamics, climate change, hygiene and sanitation, and livestock ownership affect child growth and nutritional outcomes. Livestock production contributes to environmental sustainability through conversion of human-unusable energy into highly nutritious animal-sourced foods, thereby contributing to the reduction in organic waste and pollution in the world, but also provide food and nutrition security. Laurie Miller is professor of pediatrics and adjunct professor of nutrition and child development at Tufts University. �%��c�`�* x��|-Q�����.�td�f���������mVP|)�� In particular, livestock production and the increasing demand for meat, egg, milk and dairy products have led to several environmental problems that are a major threat for food security. The interrelatedness of all the farming systems including the farmer and the family. future food production systems will need to exhibit in order to continue to prosper in the face of global climate change. Sustainable livestock production is possible New research advocates use of pastures with shrubs and trees as it is more sustainable, improving animal welfare and increasing biodiversity. endstream endobj startxref An animal nutritionist, his research interests include improving the quality and productivity of animal feeds in developing countries. Sustainable livestock production systems are needed to feed the larger, more urban, richer and older world population in 2050. Sustainability and Organic Livestock. a>���h����ls��o��/.u-�I���o�,N��6���?�f�6|�d~0:5C���S�L It is challenging to analyse or discuss the sustainability of one single sector within agriculture, because this sector is part of a global food system, and a systems approach is necessary. The ever-increasing human population (more than 9 billion by 2050), together with changes in consumption patterns (i.e., increasing demand for livestock products) caused by urbanization, increasing incomes, and nutritional and environmental concerns, is shaping what we eat, who eats, and how … All of them, representing thousands of farms, have contributed to our understanding of what sustainable systems are, and each of them shares a vision of "farming with nature," an agro-ecology that promotes biodiversity, recycles plant nutrients, protects soil from erosion, conserves and protects water, uses minimum tillage, and integrates crop and livestock enterprises on the farm. The ISL Guide provides guidance, suggested activities, and indicators needed to ensure livestock projects are environmentally sustainable (future versions will also address public health and equity dimensions of sustainability). 2. . They must themselves find ways to make livestock production more sustainable. Jobs in the livestock sector include not only farm production but also the aggregation, processing/value addition, distribution, transportation, storage, retailing, and marketing of livestock-derived foods. Ironically, also the contextual appropriate use of the sustainability concept … Livestock systems have drastically evolved since then and in light of global challenges such as climate change, population growth and the urgency of ensuring the availability of nutritious and secure food for everybody, the optimisation of sustainable livestock production is more important than ever. Consequently, for many families, animal-sourced foods are not consumed at all, or only on rare occasions such as religious festivals.’, In addition, ‘taboos associated with animal-source foods often create barriers to consumption of these foods.’ In some countries, pregnant women and menstruating girls and children are denied milk, meat or eggs due to various cultural beliefs. Livestock income is more regular, less seasonal, than crop income, enabling farmers, and women in particular, to depend on their animal stock as a vital source of regular income for household essentials, such as paying for school and medical expenses. . This study argues that the (sociocultural) sustainable development of livestock farming is not an objective concept, but that it is socially and culturally constructed by people in specific contexts. IXRJ�Bj�#](xd This paper illustrates that feed impacts almost all sectors and services of the livestock sector and its sustainability hinges on how feed is produced and fed. The global food system is experiencing profound changes as a result of anthropogenic pressures. Land maintained for livestock grazing has lower greenhouse gas emission than the same land converted for crop production. h�b```d``�������� Ā B,[email protected]�qCȑ%Q�I�E��I �@�*��F4% �EG����h�`~� ya���=��j�X�0�Q4d�x+Al�j����Xw�ȵ��l�P!�����A���j�kMEļ�V9 L���^���`����0��B[�"G>���E ��g�(|�fb�n��`"�0�#�I�`J��*NS&��! The productivity of livestock in silvopastoral systems depends on the quality and yield of the forages produced throughout the year. Net accumulation of soil carbon or sink of greenhouse gases has been found to be greatest when grassland is converted to silvo-pastures combining trees, forage and livestock. The threat to livestock systems can be understood in terms of increasing scarcity of these resources (resource sufficiency) or in terms of the increasing fragility of systems interactions (functional integrity). 2. In recent years, there has been a growing consensus among scientists, farmers, and the general public that agricultural production practices must change. . 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